Christmas time is a season where many of us welcome new Yorkie Puppies into our families. There are many adjustments to be made during this time and many things to remember. Everything from keeping small objects off the floor to removing Christmas decorations from the puppies reach. It can be a trying time when they are adjusting to new surroundings which can interrupt our sleep with a sad, crying puppy as well as us trying to make sure our new little puppy is eating every meal. If all this wasn’t nerve-wracking enough, should we worry if your new puppy gets diarrhea?
What Causes Diarrhea
Dealing with Diarrhea can be a very scary time for puppy owners as the cause can be something minor like a diet change to something major like a possibly lethal virus. Diarrhea is listed as a symptom for every possible aliment whether it be minor or major.
Some main reasons for a puppy to have Diarrhea that you can investigate and research are:
- Sudden Change in Diet or dog food quality
- Ingestion of a foreign substance/object or in-gestation of toxins
There are many various reasons why new owners change their new puppy’s diet. It could be that you wanted to change to a higher quality of food. Or maybe it was due to a recommendation of your veterinarian. Even though the intentions where to make improvements for your puppy, the slightest change in your puppy’s diet can cause diarrhea. It can even be as simple as adding a New Treat to your puppy’s diet. Or switching to a different brand of canned or kibble puppy food. Always check with your breeder to approve of their current diet and treats as well as a daily feeding schedule that they were previously on. Keep the brand and type of food as well as the feeding schedule the same if possible during the time of transition to their new home.
Puppies immune systems are more delicate and can be more susceptible to E. Coli, Salmonella or other bacteria that can be found in commercial dog food. Be sure to look up your brand of puppy food to be sure it has not been recalled or that it does not score low in quality of food in dog food review reports. Puppies that have ingested bad food and have picked up bacteria can be faced with a very serious and life threatening situation if not treated quickly. The diarrhea if caused by this reason can be accompanied by loss of appetite, fever sometimes vomiting and lethargy.
Simple stress due to travel, acclimating to a new environment as well as stress from separation of your puppy’s previous family and litter-mates can cause diarrhea. Adjusting to some new people and surroundings can be a very stressful time and can trigger stress related diarrhea.
All puppies are prone to acquiring parasites. They can pick them up from many places or even be born with them. Some parasites are roundworms, whip worms and hookworms. Giardia is an intestinal infection cause by a organism called Giardia Lamblia. 50% of all puppies carry this organism and can be activated by stress. There are effective wormers for all the above and your puppy can be easily treated for such.
Puppies want to taste and play with anything they can get their mouths on in most cases. Be sure to vacuum when needed to keep small debris off the floor and out of harm’s way. Also take up any plants as well. Some houseplants can be poisonous. Look for a list of poisonous houseplants on our website. Be sure to check that your houseplants are not on the list. Consuming such things can cause diarrhea. Call you vet if you think your puppy has ingested something harmful.
Viral infection is the one to worry about the most. Parvovirus is potentially fatal and even a vaccinated or partially vaccinated puppy can contract it. Use caution with young puppies when taking them around areas where other dogs have been, like dog parks or pet stores. Keep them off the floors and away from dog parks until they are a little older and well vaccinated. Immediate medical attention is required for all types of viruses.
The treatment depends on the cause, but somethings that you should due in the event of diarrhea is to be sure that you administer an electrolyte supplement. Bounce Back is a brand name and directions are on the back of the package. The number one thing is to keep your puppy hydrated. Even a small amount of Diarrhea can start dehydrating your puppy.
The next thing is to give the puppy something to stop the diarrhea. Antibiotic such as Metronidazole is commonly used as an anti-diarrheal medication that treat inflammation of the large intestine. It is also effective against Giardia. It is safe and effect. Fish Zole which is Metronidazole can be dosed down for puppies and readily kept on hand.
Next keep your puppies diet bland and do not give any treats, table scrapes or bones. Try cooking a skinless chicken breast with a small amount of cooked white rice until diarrhea has subsided. Be sure the kibble is something the puppy was already being fed by the puppy’s breeder.
If diarrhea does not show signs of improvement in 24 hours and or is accompanied by vomiting, or blood in the stool, seek medical attention.
Note: This article is not intended as a replacement for veterinary care.